Bibliotheek, EMF References en Video’s

Environmental Effects of Non-Ionising Radiation Impact of Electro-Magnetic Fields on animals and plants

Animals various

  • Balmori A – Mobile Phone Mast Effects on Common Frog (Rana temporaria) Tadpoles: The City Turned into a Laboratory – Biol.Med.; 29(1-2):31-5, DOI:10.3109/15368371003685363 – June 2010
  • Cammaerts MC, P De Doncker, X Patris, F Bellens, Z Rachidi, D Cammaerts – GSM 900 MHz radiation inhibits ants’ association between food sites and encountered cues – Electromagnetic Biology and Medicine – doi:10.3109/15368378.2011.624661) – 23 January 2012
  • Li Y, Liu X, Liu K, Miao W, Zhou C, Wu H – Extremely Low-Frequency Magnetic Fields Induce Developmental Toxicity and Apoptosis in Zebrafish (Danio rerio) Embryos – Biological Trace Element Research, vol. 162, no. 1, p. 324-332, DOI:1007/s12011-014-0130-5 – 2014
  • Löscher W, Käs G – Conspicuous behavioural abnormalities in a dairy cow herd near a TV and Radio transmitting antenna – Practical Veterinary surgeon, 29: 5, 437-444 – 1998
  • Malkemper EP, Tscheulin T, Van Bergen AJ, Vian A, Balian E, Goudeseune L – The impacts of artificial Electromagnetic Radiation on wildlife (flora and fauna) – Current knowledge overview: a background document to the web conference. A report of the EKLIPSE project – 2018
  • Slater M, Fisher C, – Electromagnetic field study. Effects of Electromagnetic Fields on Marine Species: a literature review – Oregon Wave Energy Trust, 0905-00-001 – 1 September 2010
  • Sultangaliyeva I et al. – The influence of electromagnetic radiation of cell phones on the behavior of animals, Veterinary World – 2020
  • Tricas T, Gill A – Effects of EMF’s from undersea powercables on elasmobranchs and other marine species – US Department of the Interior, Bureau of Ocean Energy Management, Regulation and Enforcement Pacific OCS Region, Normandeau Associates OCS Study Boemre – May 2011


  • Darney – Effect of high-frequency radiations on survival of the honeybee (Apis mellifera) – 2016
  • El-Halabi N, Achkar R, Haidar GA – The Effect of Cell Phone Radiations on the Life Cycle of Honeybees – July 2013
  • Erdogan Y – Determination of the effect of electric fence system on productivity and behaviour of honeybees housed in different beehive types (Apis mellifera L.) – In: Italian Journal of Animal Science 18.1, S. 941–948 – 2019
  • Erdogan Y, Cengiz MM – Effect of Non-Ionizing Electromagnetic Radiation on Behavior of the Honeybee, Apis mellifera L.(Hymenoptera, Apidae) – 2019
  • Favre D – Disturbing Honeybees’ Behavior with Electromagnetic Waves: a Methodology – – 2017
  • Friesen M – Review of the literature on the biological effects of wireless radiation on insects: a call for more studies on honey bees – 2014
  • Kumar NR, Sangwan S, Badotra P – Exposure to cell phone radiations produces biochemical changes in worker honey bees – Toxicol Int. 2011;18(1):70-72 – 2011
  • Odemer R, Odemer F – Effects of radiofrequency electromagnetic radiation (RF-EMF) on honey bee queen development and mating success – 3 October 2018
  • Sainudeen Sahib S – Impact of mobile phones on the density of honeybees – Journal of public administration and policy research Vol. 3(4) pp. 131-117 April 2011 ISSN 2141-2480 ©2011 Academic Journals Department of Zoology, S.N. College, Kollam-691001, Kerala, India. E-mail- – 9 February 2011
  • Sharma VP, Kumar NR – Changes in honeybee behaviour and biology under the influence of cellphone radiations – 25 May 2010.
  • Sheperd S, et al. – Extremely Low Frequency Electromagnetic Fields impair the Cognitive and Motor Abilities of Honey Bees – Scientific Reports volume 8, Article number: 7932 – 21 May 2018
  • Taye RR, Deka MK, Rahman A, Bathari M – Effect of electromagnetic radiation of cell phone tower on foraging behaviour of Asiatic honey bee, Apis cerana F. (Hymenoptera: Apidae) – J Entomol Zool Stud 2017; 5: 1527–29 – 2017
  • Taye RR, Deka MK, Borkataki S, Panda S – Effect of electromagnetic radiation of cell phone tower on development of Asiatic honey bee, Apis cerana F. (Hymenoptera: Apidae) – 26 July 2018
  • Vilic M, Gajger IT, Tucak P, et al. – Effects of short-term exposure to mobile phone radiofrequency (900 MHz) on the oxidative response and genotoxicity in honey bee larvae – In: Journal of apicultural research 56.4, S. 430–438 – Journal of Apicultural Research, 56:4, 430-438, DOI: 10.1080/00218839.2017.1329798 – 4 July 2017
  • Warnke U – Bees, Birds and Mankind: Destroying Nature by ‘Electrosmog – Competence Initiative for the Protection of Humanity, Environment and Democracy – 2009


  • Caubet R, Pedarros-Caubet F, Chu M, Freye E, et al. – A radio frequency electric current enhances antibiotic efficacy against bacterial biofilms – DOI:1128/AAC.48.12.4662-4664.2004, PMC529182 – 5 December 2004
  • Crabtree DPE, Herrera BJ, Kang S – The response of human bacteria to static magnetic field and radiofrequency electromagnetic field – Journal of microbiology (Seoul, Korea). 2017;55(10):809-15 – 2017
  • Hulsheger H, et al. – Killing of Bacteria with Electric Pulses of High Field Strength – – 1981
  • Larionov SV, Krivenko DV, Avdeenko AV – Effect of electromagnetic radiation of the extremely high frequency millimeter range on thermophilic cultures of bacteria of lactic acid products –
  • – 27 November 2011
  • Li L, Yu P, Wang X, Yu SS, Mathieu J, Yu HQ, Alvarez PJJ – Enhanced biofilm penetration for microbial control by polyvalent phages conjugated with magnetic colloidal nanoparticle clusters (CNCs), Magnets turn viruses into bacteria-killers – DOI:10.1039/C7EN00414A – 10 May 2017
  • Light S, Ajo-Franklin C, Portnoy D, et al. – A flavin-based extracellular electron transfer mechanism in diverse Gram-positive bacteria – Nature (2018) – DOI: 10.1038/s41586-018-0498-z – 2018
  • Merriman H, Heygyi C, et al. – A comparison of four electrical stimulation types on Staphylococcus aureus growth in vitro – – March 2004
  • Poddar S, Khurana S – Geobacter: The Electric Microbe! Efficient Microbial Fuel Cells to Generate Clean, Cheap Electricity – Indian J Microbiol. p.240–241, DOI:1007/s12088-011-0180-8 – June 2011
  • Salmen SH – Non-Thermal Biological Effects of Electromagnetic Field on Bacteria-A Review – 2016
  • Sharma AB, et al. – Effect of Mobile Tower Radiation on Microbial Diversity in Soil and Antibiotic Resistance – International Conference on Power Energy, Environment and Intelligent Control (PEEIC) – – 2018
  • Soghomonyan D, Trchounian K, Trchounian A – Millimeter waves or extremely high frequency electromagnetic fields in the environment: what are their effects on bacteria? – Springer Berlin Heidelberg, Appl Microbiol Biotechnol – org/10.1007/s00253-016-7538-0 – 18 April 2016
  • Taheri M, Mortazavi SM, Moradi M, et al. – The effect of RF radiation emitted from Wi-Fi router and mobile phone simulator on the antibacterial susceptibility of pathogenic bacteria Listeria monocytogenes and Escherichia coli – – 23 Januari 2017
  • Widom A, Swain J, Srivastava N, Sivasubramanian S – Electromagnetic Signals from Bacterial DNA – – 15 April 2011


  • Balmori A – Murciélago rabudo–Tadarida teniotis, En: Enciclopedia Virtual de los Vertebrados Espanoles, Carrascal, L.M., Salvador, ˜ A. (Eds.), Museo Nacional de Ciencias Naturales, Madrid – 2004
  • Balmori A – Electromagnetic pollution from phone masts. Effects on wildlife – 30 Januari 2009
  • Bat conservation trust BCT – The impact of EMFS on bats – 2011
  • Dietz C, Von Helversen O, Nill D – Vleermuizen (Ned. Editie). De Fontein / Tirion, Utrecht – 2011
  • Holland RA, Borissov I, Siemers BM – A nocturnal mammal, the greater mouse-eared bat, calibrates a magnetic compass by the sun – PNAS Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 107:6941–6945 – 29 March 2010
  • Holland RA, Kirschvink JL, et al – Bats use magnetite to detect the Earth’s magnetic field – org/10.1371/journal.pone.0001676 – 2008
  • Holland RA, Thorup K, Vonhof MJ, Cochran WW, Wikelski M – Bat orientation using earth’s magnetic field – Nature 444 (7119): 702 – 2006
  • Lindecke O, Elksne A, Holland RA, Pētersons G, Voigt CC – Experienced Migratory Bats Integrate the Sun’s Position at Dusk for Navigation at Night – doi:10.1016/j.cub.2019.03.002 – 4 April 2019
  • Lindecke O, Voigt CC, et al – Polarized skylight does not calibrate the compass system of a migratory bat – Biol Lett 11 (9): 20150525 – 2015
  • Nicholls B, Racey PA – Bats Avoid Radar Installations: Could Electromagnetic Fields Deter Bats from Colliding with Wind Turbines? – PLoS ONE 2(3): e297. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0000297 – 2007
  • Nicholls B, Racey PA – The Aversive Effect of Electromagnetic Radiation on Foraging Bats – A Possible Means of Discouraging Bats from Approaching Wind Turbines – doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0006246 – 2009
  • Nicholls B, Racey PA – Electromagnetic Radiation Effect on Foraging Bats – DOI: 1201/b12230-6 – December 2011
  • Nicholls B, Racey PA – The aversive effect of electromagnetic radiation on foraging bats: a possible means of discouraging bats from approaching wind turbines – PLoS One. 16;4(7):e6246 – 2009
  • Swift SM – Long-Eared Bats – T & AD Poyser Natural History, London. ISBN 0-85661-108-5 – 1998
  • Tian LX, Pan YX, Metzner W, Zhang JS, Zhang BF – Bats respond to very weak magnetic fields – PLoS One 10 (4): e0123205 – 2015
  • Tian L, Zhang B, Zhang J, Zhang T, Cai Y, Qin H, Metzner W, Pan Y – A magnetic compass guides the direction of foraging in a bat –  doi:10.1007/s00359-019-01353-1 – 2019


  • Badger M , Victor Manuel Ortega-Jimenez VM, von Rabenau L, Smiley A, Dudley R – Electrostatic Charge on Flying Hummingbirds and Its Potential Role in Pollination – 30 September 2015
  • Balmori A – Effects of the electromagnetic fields of phone masts on a population of White Stork (Ciconia ciconia), Valladolid, Spain – JEBM, v.24, issue 2, p.109-119 – org/10.1080/15368370500205472 – March 2004
  • Balmori A, Hallberg Ö – The urban decline of the house sparrow (Passer domesticus): a possible link with electromagnetic radiation – Electromagn Biol Med.2007;26(2): p.141-51, DOI:1080/15368370701410558 – 2007
  • Balmori A – Anthropogenic radiofrequency electromagnetic fields as an emerging threat to wildlife orientation – June 2015
  • Broomhall M, UNESCO – Exodus of species from Mount Nardi Australia as a result of applying an increasing amount of electromagnetic technology (transmission masts) – August 2016
  • Bryan TE, Gildersleeve RP – Effects of nonionizing radiation on birds – Comp Biochem Physiol A Comp Physiol. 89(4):511-30 – 1988
  • Cucurachia S, Tamisa WLM, Vijvera MG, Peijnenburg WJGM, Bolteb JFB, de Snoo GR – A review of the ecological effects of radiofrequency electromagnetic fields (RF-EMF) – January 2013
  • Dongre SD, Verma RG – Effect Of Cell Phone Radiation On Gauriya Sparrows Passer Domesticus – International Research Journal Vol. II, Issue -7 – 2009
  • Engels SSchneider NLLefeldt NHein CMZapka MMichalik AElbers DKittel AHore PJMouritsen H – Anthropogenic electromagnetic noise disrupts magnetic compass orientation in a migratory bird – Nature. 2014;509:353-356. doi:10.1038/nature13290 – 15 May 2014
  • Everaert J, Bauwens D – A possible effect of electromagnetic radiation from mobile phone base stations on the number of breeding House Sparrows (Passer domesticus) – DOI:1080/15368370701205693 – 2007
  • Fernie KJ, Bird DM, Petitclerc D – Effects of electromagnetic fields on photophasic circulating melatonin levels in American kestrels – Environmental health perspectives. 1999;107(11):901-4 1999
  • Fernie KJ, Bird DM, Dawson RD, Lague PC – Effects of electromagnetic fields on the reproductive success of American kestrels – Physiological and biochemical zoology : PBZ. 2000;73(1):60-5 – 2000
  • Fernie KJ, Bird DM – Evidence of oxidative stress in American kestrels exposed to electromagnetic fields – Environmental research. 2001;86(2):198-207 – 2001
  • Hore P – Birds can see the Earth’s magnetic field – University of Oxford – 30 April 2008
  • Kavokin KChernetsov NPakhomov ABojarinova JKobylkov DNamozov B – Magnetic orientation of garden warblers (Sylvia borin) under 1.4 MHz radiofrequency magnetic field – 2014
  • Kordas D – Birds and Trees of Northern Greece: Changes since the Advent of 4G Wireless – 2017
  • Landschap 2017 – Themanummer OBN-onderzoek droog zandlandschap. Landschap, tijdschrift voor landschapsonderzoek 34-2: 55-103 – 2017
  • Malkemper E, Tscheulin T, Vanbergen AJ, Vian A, Babilon M – The impacts of artificial Electromagnetic Radiation on wildlife (flora and fauna). Current knowledge overview: a background document to the web conference – 2018
  • Manville AM – Protocol for monitoring the impact of cellular telecommunication towers on migratory birds within the Coconino, Prescott, and Kaibab National Forests, Arizona. Research Protocol Prepared for U.S. Forest Service Cellular Telecommunications Study – U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, March 12: 9 pp – 2002
  • Pakhomov A, Bojarinova J, et al – Very weak oscillating magnetic field disrupts the magnetic compass of songbird migrants – August 2017
  • Panagopoulos DJ, Margaritis LH – Mobile telephony radiation effects on living organisms – Department of Cell Biology and Biophysics, Faculty of Biology, University of Athens, Greece – 2008
  • Perrins CM – Tits and their caterpillar food supply. Ibis 133 suppl.: 49-54 – 1991
  • Rejt L, Mazgajski T, Kubacki R, Kieliszek J, Sobiczewska E, Szmigielski S – Influence of radar radiation on breeding biology of tits (Parus sp.). Electromagnetic Biology & Medicine 26:235-238 – 2007
  • Rochalska M – The effect of electromagnetic fields on living organisms: plants, birds and animals – Medycyna pracy. 2007;58(1):37-48 – 2007
  • Shire GG, Brown K, Winegrad G – Communication towers: a deadly hazard to birds – American Bird Conservancy, Washington DC USA, Special Report 230 species dead – 2000
  • Sivani S, Sudarsanam D – Impacts of radio-frequency electromagnetic field (RF-EMF) from cell phone towers and wireless devices on biosystem and ecosystem – Department of Advanced Zoology and Biotechnology, Loyola College, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India – a review – 6 January 2013
  • Tanner JA, Romero-Sierra C, Romero – Bird Feathers as Dialectic Receptors of Microwave Radiation – Dept of Anatomy, Queen University, Kingston Canada Extract from LTR- Cs-89 – 1973
  • Tanner JA – Effects of microwave radiation on Parakeets in Flight – 1969
  • Tanner JA, Romero-Sierra C, Davie SJ – The Effects of Microwaves on Birds: Preliminary Experiments – JMPEE 4(2): 122-28 – 1969
  • Tanner JA – Effect of microwave radiation on birds – Nature. 7; 210(5036):636 – 1966
  • Van den Burg AB – Het onderzoeken van niet uitgekomen vogeleieren. ISBN 978-90-822934-2-5. Biosphere Science Productions Otterlo – 2017
  • Van den Burg AB – Rammelende eieren en brekebenen bij de koolmees: verzuring terug bij af? – Vakblad voor Bos, Natuur en Landschap 136: 3-7 – 2017
  • Van den Burg AB – Schelpkalk als oplossing voor gebroken pootjes bij bosvogels. Vakblad voor Bos, Natuur en Landschap 157: 26-30 – 2019
  • Warnke U – Bees, Birds and Mankind: Destroying Nature by ‘Electrosmog – Competence Initiative for the Protection of Humanity, Environment and Democracy – 2009

Cells and DNA

  • Adams JA, Galloway TS, Mondal D, Esteves SC – Effect of mobile telephones on sperm quality: A systematic review and meta-analysis – University of Exeter UK, Environment.Int. 70, p. 106-112, DOI:10.1016/j.envint.2014.04.015 – 2014
  • Blank MGoodman R – DNA is a fractal antenna in electromagnetic fields – J.Radiat.Biol.2011 Apr; 87(4), p. 409-415, PMID: 21457072 – DOI:10.3109/09553002.2011.538130 – 28 February 2011
  • Bourdineaud J-P, Srut M, Stambuk A, Tkalec M, Brethes D, Malaric K, et al. – Electromagnetic fields at a mobile phone frequency (900 MHz) trigger the onset of general stress response along with DNA modifications in Eisenia fetida earthworms – 2017;68(2):142-52 – 2017
  • Durant F, Bischof J, Fields C, Morokuma J, LaPalme J, Hoi A, Levin M – The role of early bioelectric signals in the regeneration of planarian anterior/posterior polarity – Biophysical Journal, volume 116, issue 5 p. 948-961, DOI:1016/j.bpj.2019.01.029 – 16 January 2019
  • Han J, Cao Z, Liu X, Zhang W – Effect of early pregnancy electromagnetic field exposure on embryo growth ceasing – Wei Sheng Yan Jiu (Journal of Hygiene Research);39(3): p. 349-352 – May 2010
  • Houston BJ, Nixon B, King BV, Aitken RJ, De Iuliis GN – The effects of radiofrequency electromagnetic radiation on sperm function – Reproduction; volume 152, issue 6, p. R263–R276, – 2016
  • Kibona L – Assessment of the impact of EM radiations from mobile phone towers on male sperm infertility – Ruaha University College Tanzania, International Journal of Technology enhancement and emerging engineering Research, volume 1, issue 4, ISSN 2347-4289 – 2013
  • Lowry C – The electric embryo: How electric fields mold the embryo’s growth pattern and shape – Centre Science Associates, Washington DC, USA, Journal; 21 century science & technology, volume 12, issue 1 p.56-73 – 5 May 1999
  • Nguyen THP, Pham VTH, Baulin V, Croft RJ, Crawford RJ, Ivanova EP – 2017-09-07 – The effect of a high frequency electromagnetic field in the microwave range on red blood cells – 7 September 2017
  • Özorak A, Nazıroğlu M, Çelik Ö, Yüksel M, Özçelik D, Özkaya MO, Çetin H, Kahya MC, Kose SA – Wifi (2.45 GHz) and mobile phone (900 and 1800 MHz) induced risks on oxidative stress and elements in kidney and testis of rats during pregnancy and the development of offspring – Biol Trace Elem Res.;156(1-3):221-9. DOI:10.1007/s12011-013-9836-z – December 2013
  • Romanenko S, Begley R, Harvey AR, Hool L, et al. – The interaction between electromagnetic fields at MHz, GHz and THz frequencies with cells, tissues and organisms: risks and potential – University of Western Australia, Perth, R.Soc.Interface, DOI:10.1098/rsif.2017.0585 –  14 August 2017
  • Salford L, Brun AE, Eberhardt JL, Persson B, Malmgren L, Bertil R – Nerve cell damage in mammalian brain after exposure to microwaves from GSM mobile phones – Lund University Sweden, Environmental Health Perspectives, volume 111, number 7, p. 881-883 – June 2003
  • Smith-Roe SL, Wyde ME, Stout MD, et al. – Evaluation of the genotoxicity of cell phone radiofrequency radiation in male and female rats and mice following subchronic exposure – September 2017
  • Tirpak F, Slanina T, Tomka M, Zidek R, Halo M, Ivanic P, Gren A, Formicki G, Lukac N, Massanyi P – Exposure to non‐ionizing electromagnetic radiation of public risk prevention instruments threatens the quality of spermatozoids (bovine spermatozoa research) – Reproduction in Domestic Animals, volume 54, issue 2, p. 150-159, – 7 September 2018
  • Wilke I – Biological and pathological effects of 2.45 GHz on cells, fertility, brain and behaviour – ISSN 1437-2606, Umwelt · Medizin · Gesellschaft, nr. 31 – 31 February 2018
  • Zalata A, El-Samanoudy A, Shaalan D, El-Baiomy Y, Ayman MD, Mostafa T – Effect of Cell Phone Radiation on Motility, DNA Fragmentation and Clusterin Gene Expression in Human Sperm – J.Fertil.Steril.; 9(1): p. 129–136, DOI:10.22074/ijfs.2015.4217 – April-June 2015
  • Zothansiama, Zosangzuali M, et al. – Impact of radiofrequency radiation on DNA damage and antioxidants in peripheral blood lymphocytes of humans residing in the vicinity of mobile phone base stations –  Mizoram University Aizawl Mizoram, India Electromag Biol Med.;36(3): p.295-305, DOI:10.1080/15368378.2017.1350584 – 4 August 2017


  • Atli E, Unlü H – The effects of microwave frequency electromagnetic fields on the development of Drosophila melanogaster
  • doi:10.1080/09553000600798849.PMID: 16846978 – June 2006
  • El-Kholu SE, EL-Husseiny E – Effect of 60 minutes exposure to electromagnetic field on fecundity, learning and memory, speed of movement and whole body protein of the fruit fly Drosophila melanogaster – Journal of the Egyptian Society of Parasitology, Vol.42, No.3 – 2012
  • Evangelia D ChavdoulaDimitris J PanagopoulosLukas H Margaritis – Comparison of biological effects between continuous and intermittent exposure to GSM-900-MHz mobile phone radiation: Detection of apoptotic cell-death features – doi: 10.1016/j.mrgentox.2010.05.008 – 19 July 2010
  • Fauzi A, Crebima AD – The Effect of EMF Radiation Emitted by Mobile Phone to Insect Population using Drosophila melanogaster as a Model Organism – 2016
  • Geronikolou S, Davos CH, Michalopoulos I, Tsitomeneas S, Zimeras S – Diverse radiofrequency sensitivity and radiofrequency effects of mobile or cordless phone near fields exposure in Drosophila melanogaster – DOI: 1371/journal.pone.0112139 – November 2014
  • Hamnerius Y, Rasmuson Å, Rasmuson B – Biological effects of high-frequency electromagnetic fields on Salmonella typhimurium and Drosophila melanogaster – DOI:1002/bem.2250060407 – 1985
  • Manta AK, et al – Mobile-phone radiation-induced perturbation of gene-expression profiling, redox equilibrium and sporadic-apoptosis control in the ovary of Drosophila melanogaster – In: Fly 11.2, S. 75–95 – April 2017
  • Margaritis LH, Manta AK, Kokkaliaris KD, et al – Drosophila oogenesis as a bio-marker responding to EMF sources – Electromagn Biol Med. 2014;33(3):165-189 – 2014
  • Panagopoulos DJ – Comparing DNA damage induced by mobile telephony and other types of man-made electromagnetic fields –  DOI: 1016/j.mrrev.2019.03.003 – 11 March 2019
  • Panagopoulos DJ – Effect of microwave exposure on the ovarian development of Drosophila melanogaster – med./bio. Published in: Cell Biochem Biophys 2012; 63 (2): 121-132 – doi:10.1007/s12013-012-9347-0  – 2012
  • PanagopoulosDJ, Evangelia D ChavdoulaIoannis P NezisLukas H Margaritis – Cell death induced by GSM 900-MHz and DCS 1800-MHz mobile telephony radiation – Mutat Res. 2007 Jan 10;626(1-2):69-78 – doi: 10.1016/j.mrgentox.2006.08.008 – 10 January 2007
  • Panagopoulos DJ, Karabarbounis A, Margaritis LH – Effects of GSM 900 MHz Mobile Phone Radiation on the Reproductive Capacity of Drosophila melanogaster – fruit fly – Electromag. Biol. Med. 23:29-43 – 2004
  • Sagioglou NE, et al – Apoptotic cell death during Drosophila oogenesis is differentially increased by electromagnetic radiation depending on modulation, intensity and duration of exposure – In: Electromagnetic biology and medicine 35.1, S. 40–53 – 2014
  • Sudaryadi I, et al – Effect of handphone EMF radiation on survival rate and morphological reproductive organ changes of fruit fly (Drosophila melanogaster Meigen, 1830) – AIP Conference Proceedings 2260, 040030 (2020) – – 16 September 2020
  • Weisbrot D, Lin H, Ye L, Blank M, Goodman R – Effects of mobile phone radiationon reproduction and development in Drosophila melanogaster (fruitvlieg) – J Cell Biochem. 1;89(1):48-55 – 2003
  • Yanagawa A, Masatoshi Tomaru, Atsushi Kajiwara, Hiroki Nakajima, Elie Desmond-Le Quemener, Jean-Philippe Steyer, Tomohiko Mitani – Impact of 2.45 GHz Microwave Irradiation on the Fruit Fly, Drosophila melanogaster – 4 September 2020


  • 2017-00-00 – Evaluation of the genotoxicity of cell phone radiofrequency radiation in male and female rats and mice following subchronic exposure – Environmental Mutagenesis and Genomics Society Annual Conference; Raleigh, NC, USA; Sept 9–13, 2017 – Smith-Roe SL, Wyde ME, Stout MD, et al.
  • 2017-12-23 – 1,95 GHz RF EMR Inhibits Testosterone Secretion of Mouse Leydig Cells – Lin YY, Wu T, Liu JY, Gao P, Li KC, Guo QY, Yuan M, Lang HY, Zeng LH, Guo GZ. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2017 Dec 23;15(1). pii: E17. doi: 10.3390/ijerph15010017.
  • 2017-00-00 – Effect of 1.8 GHz radiofrequency electromagnetic radiation on novel object associative recognition memory in mice – Sci. Rep., 7 (2017), p. 44521 – K. Wang, J.M. Lu, Z.H. Xing, Q.R. Zhao, J. hang, Y.A. Mei.
  • 2015-00-00 – Magnetoreception in the wood mouse (Apodemus sylvaticus): influence of weak frequency-modulated radio frequency fields – Scientific Reports, vol. 4, no. 9917, 2015 – Malkemper, E.P., et al.
  • 2012-00-00 – Fetal radiofrequency radiation exposure from 800–1900 mhz-rated cellular telephones affects neurodevelopment and behavior in mice – Sci Rep 2012; 2: 312 – Aldad TS, Gan G, Gao XB, Taylor HS.
  • 2001-00-00 – Effect of global system for mobile communication (gsm)-like radiofrequency fields on vascular permeability in mouse brain – Finnie JW, Blumbergs PC, Manavis J, Utteridge TD, Gebski V, Swift JG, VernonRoberts B, Kuchel TR Pathology 33(3):338-340.
  • 1999-11-00 – Effects of Pulse Microwave Exposure on Mitochondrial Marker Enzyme and Energy Metabolism in Mouse Brain (1) – Chiang H Paper presented at Erice, Sicily, Italy, November 21-25
  • 1999-00-00 – Microwaves and cellular immunity. I. Effect of whole body microwave irradiation on tumor necrosis factor production in mouse cells – Fesenko EE, Makar VR, Novoselova EG, Sadovnikov VB, Bioelectrochem Bioenerg 49(1):29-35


  • Baldonis V, Brumelis G, Kalviskis K, Nikodemus O, Tjarve D, Znotina V – Does the Skrunda Radio Location Station diminish the radial growth of pine trees? – Sci. Total Environ., 180: 57-64 – 1996
  • Balmori A – The Effects of Microwaves on the Trees and Other Plants – December 2003
  • Brauer I – Experimental. studies on the effect of meter waves of various field intensities on the growth of plants by division – Chromosoma 3:483-509 – 1950
  • Breunig H – Tree damage caused by mobile phone base stations , an observation guide, – 2017
  • Burdon-Sanderson JS – Note on the electrical phenomena which accompany irritation of the leaf of Dionæa muscipula – – 1 January 1873
  • Canales J, Henriquez-Valencia C, Brauchi S – The integration of electrical signals originating in the root of vascular Plants – Frontiers in Plant Science, volume 6, article 2173, DOI:10.3389/fpls.2017.02173 – 10 January 2018
  • Choi WG, Hilleary R, Swanson SJ, Kim SH, Gilroy S – Rapid, long-distance electrical and calcium signalling in plants – Department of Botany University of Wisconsin-Madison USA, Annu Rev Plant Biol.2016 Apr 29;67: p.287-307, DOI:10.1146/annurev-arplant-043015-112130 – 14 September 2016
  • Congres over effect elektromagnetische straling op bomen: Boomzorg: vakblad voor boomverzorging en boombeheer in de openbare ruimte Deel(Jaar)Nummer, Vol. 4, No.1, p. 28-31 , of – 2011
  • Cucurachia S, Tamisa WLM, Vijvera MG, Peijnenburg WJGM, Bolteb JFB, Snoo de GR – A review of the ecological effects of radiofrequency electromagnetic fields (RF-EMF) – January 2013
  • Dwivedi VV, Upadhyaya TK, Raj H – Adverse Impact of forestation on RF Energy Propagation – An experimental approach – Mobile Communications, Proceeding of Conference on Advances in Electronics and Telecommunication Engineering (NCAETE), pp. 483-487, Osmanabad, Maharashtra – February 2005
  • Ferraz de Oliveira R, Farmer T – The de-coding of plants’ electrical signals has begun! – Phytl (plant electrical signal capturing device) signs experimental results at the University of Lausanne, Switzerland – University of Sao Paola, Brazil – 3 November 2016
  • Ghetti B – Report on tests to determine the possible influence of very short electromagnetic waves (2-3 m) on seed germination and plant development – 1st International Congress of Electro radio biology, Cappelli, Bologna, Italy, pp. 360-366 – 1934
  • Gil P, Gurovich L, Schaffer B, Alcayaga J, Rey S, Iturriaga R – Root to leaf electrical signaling in avocado in response to light and soil water content – J Plant Physiol 2008;165:1070–8 – 2008
  • Glaser Z – Preliminary report of plants and processes for radiofrequency and microwave radiation – 1978
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Reference list 1: The proposal for an EMF-Health Research Platform in Europe

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Reference list 2: Supporting references for non-thermal effects of EMF radiation on life systems

  1. Bodewein, L. Schmiedchen K., Dechent D., Stunder D., Graefrath D., Winter L., Kraus T., Driessen S. Systematic review on the biological effects of electric, magnetic and electromagnetic fields in the intermediate frequency range (300 Hz to 1 MHz). Environmental Research Volume 171, April 2019, Pages 247-259.
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